Abstract

Research Article

Incidence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Pediatric ward in 2ed March teaching hospital, Sebha: South of Libya

Idress H Attitalla*, Shaban R Bagar, Marei A Altayar, Abdlmanam Fakron and Hosam B Bahnosy

Published: 28 April, 2021 | Volume 4 - Issue 1 | Pages: 028-031

Objective: to determine the incidence of HBV and HCV in pediatric ward.

Sitting: 2ed March teaching hospital, sebha Libya.

Materials and Methods: this was a prospective hospital base study of pediatric cases admitted to 2ed March teaching hospital during a period from March 2018 to February 2019. Pediatric cases were studied for the incidence of HBsAg and HCV Ab by ELISA, Rapid technique. The positive result was confirmed with line immuno-assay.

Results: the study showed positive HBsAg in 12 patients and HCV in 2 cases out 25 cases represented with acute hepatitis from a total of 1763 pediatric cases were submitted in this study, with incidence rate of 0.68% and 0.11% respectively.

Conclusion: the incidence of HBV and HCV are low in Sebha, therefore active program need to be applied to control the spread of infection among the population.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.ijcmbt.1001022 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

References

  1. Attia MA. Prevalence of hepatitis B and C in Egypt and Africa. Antivir ther. 1998; 3: 1-4\9
  2. Chandra M, Khaja MN, Faress N, Poduri CD, Hussain MM, et al. Prevelance, risk factors and genotypre distribution of HCV and HBV infection in trible population: A community based study in South India. Trop Gastroenterol. 2003; 24: 193-195. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15164530/
  3. Kiran V. Hepatitis B vaccine introduction into the routine immunization schedule Andhra Pradesh experience. Indian J Public Health. 48: 63-66.
  4. Sall Diallo A, Sarr M, Fakll Y, Diagne, Mo K. hepatitis B infection in infantile population of Senegal. Darkar Med. 2004; 49: 136-142.
  5. Brunett R, Francois G, Kew MC, Leroux-Roels G, Meheus A, et al. Hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in sub-Sahara Africa: a call for further investigation Liver Int. 2005; 25: 201-213. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15780040/
  6. Debonne JM, Nicand E, Boutin JP, Carre D, Buisson Y. Hepatitis C in tropical areas. Med Trop. 1999; 59; 508-516.
  7. El Raziky MS, EL-Hawary, Elkoofy N, Okasha S, Kotb M, et al. Hepatits C virus infection in Egyptian children. Single center experience. J viral hepat. 2004; 11: 471-476.
  8. Mangoud AM, Eissa MH, Sabee EI, Ibrahim IA. HCV and associated concomitant infections at Sharkia governorate, Egypt. J Egypt. Soc parasitol. 2004; 34: 447-458.
  9. Minuk GY. Uhanova J. Viral hepatitis in the Candian Inuit and first nation's populations. Can J Gastroenterol. 2003; 17: 707-712.
  10. Yu MC, Yuan JM. Environmental factors and risk for hepatocellular carcinoma. Gastroenterology. 2004; 127: 572-578.
  11. Butsashvili M, Tsertsvadze T, MC Nutt LA, Kamkamidze G, Gvetadze R, et al. Prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Syphilis and HIV in Georgian Blood donor. Eur J Epidemiol. 2001; 17: 693-695. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12086085/
  12. Hodges M, Sanders E, Aitken C. Seroprevalence of hepatitis marker; HAV, HBV, HCV and HEV amongst primary school children in Freetown, sierr leone. West Afr J Med. 1998; 17: 36-37.
  13. Tirik H, Said N, Salah AB, Arrouji A, Ahmed FB, et al. Seroepidemiology of hepatitis B, C and delta viruses in Tunisia. Trans Ro Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1997; 91: 11-14. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9093616/
  14. Saleh MG, Pereira LM, Tibbs CJ. Ziu M, Fituri M, et al. High prevalence of hepatitis C virus in the normal Libayn population trans. R Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1994; 88; 292-294. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7974663/
  15. Abe K, Hayaja E, Sminov AV, Rossina AL, Ding X, et al. Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis B, C, D, and E viruses among children in Moscow, Russia. J Clin Virol. 2004 30: 57-61. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15072755/
  16. Bryan JP, Reyes L, Hahres, Gloria R, Kishore GM, et al. Epidemiology of acute hepatitis in Stann Greek district of Belize, central America. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2001; 65: 318 -324. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11693876/
  17. Buchy P, Monchy D, An TT Srey CT, Tri DV, et al. Prevalence of hepatitis A,B,C and E viruses markers among patients with elevated levels of alanine amino transferase and aspartate amino transeferase in Phnom penh (Cambodia) and NhaTrang (Central Vietnam) Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2004; 97: 165-171.
  18. Gandolfo GM, Ferri GM, Conti G. Pprevalence of infections hepatitis A,B,C and E viruses in two different socioeconomic groups of children from Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Med Clin (Barc). 2003; 120: 725-727.
  19. Ziglam H. El-Hattab, M. Shingheer, N. Zorgani, A. Elahmer O. Hepatitis B vaccination status among healthcare workers in a tertiary care hospital in Tripoli, Libya. J Infect Public Health. 2013; 6: 246-251. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23806698/

Similar Articles

Recently Viewed

Read More

Most Viewed

Read More